Free Downloadable Professional Guides White Paper: Estimating the Level of Communication Effectiveness/Access; Supporting Success for Children with Hearing Loss, 2018. Language and Communication-Focused IEPs for Learners Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing. Commission of Deaf, DeafBlind and Hard of Hearing Minnesotans, 2015. Optimizing Outcomes for Students who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing – Educational Service Guidelines. National Association of State Directors of Special Education, 2018 Teachers of Students Who are Deaf or Hard of Hearing: A Critical Resource Needed for Legal Compliance. Division for Communicative Disabilities and Deafness, Council for Exceptional Children, 2022 Deaf People and Educational Attainment in the United States: 2017. National Deaf Center on Postsecondary Outcomes, 2017.