Why is working on vocabulary important?
Listening vocabulary is made up of all the words students hear and understand but not necessarily use in their own speech. Children with hearing loss have access issues that reduce their opportunity to learn words by overhearing them in the naturally occurring communication in their everyday environments.
As this figure illustrates, most students is to start school with “low average” language ability (standard scores of 85-88). As new vocabulary is introduced more and more rapidly in increasing grades and students are expected to “read to learn” their reading comprehension increasingly falls behind. As of 2000, the median reading achievement among 18-year-old students with hearing loss in the US was roughly equivalent to that of a 9-year-old with typical hearing (Traxler, 2000). (From Evidence-Based Practice in Educating Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing Students, 2010).
Speaking vocabulary includes all the words students hear and use in everyday speech. Students need to first acquire a word at the listening and speaking levels before they are able to read and understand it. Reading vocabulary is a subset of students’ listening and speaking vocabularies and consists of the words in print that students can read and understand. Writing vocabulary includes words that students can understand when listening, speaking, and reading, and can be reproduced when writing.
The teacher’s role is to uncover which words students already “own” as a part of their listening and speaking vocabulary and teach the unknown words that are critical to the content being learned. (From http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED544614.pdf )
Students with hearing loss often are identified with deficits in receptive language. The 100% Curriculum Vocabulary books are packed with vocabulary that most of our students don’t ‘get’ from overhearing and require direct teaching to understand. Vocabulary instruction needs to occur in meaningful contexts as opposed to simple drill or practice of definitions. Having ready-made lessons to address commonly unknown vocabulary is a perfect way to address these gaps when the topics come up in the curriculum.
K through Grade 5 – 100% Curriculum Vocabulary
Teach vocabulary from the McREL word lists, textbooks, and general reading curriculum. Each six-page lesson presents a group of ten words. Students are introduced to the word definitions, and then they progressively apply the words to new contexts. There are 30 lessons and a total of 300 vocabulary words. The lessons are divided into three levels of difficulty:
- Primary Level (Grades K-1): Activities in this section have pictures to accommodate beginning readers. Lesson formats include definitions, fill-in-the-blanks, related meanings, rebus stories, comparisons, and picture scenes. Themes are geography, health, literature, science, and social studies.
- Intermediate Level (Grades 2-3): These activities require some reading and writing. Lesson formats include definitions, fill-in-the-blank, related meanings, crossword puzzles, scrambled sentences, and applied learning. Themes are English, grammar, geography, literature, science, and social studies.
- Advanced Level (Grades 4-5): Students use the targeted vocabulary in spoken and written contexts. Lesson formats include definitions, fill-in-the-blank, related meanings, crossword puzzles, writing sentences, and applied learning. Themes are English, research paper, geography, health, literature, science, and social studies.
200 pages, answer key.
Grade 6 – 12 – 100% Curriculum Vocabulary
Align vocabulary instruction with the curriculum and give at-risk students the vocabulary they need for success in the classroom. Lessons in 100% Curriculum Vocabulary progress systematically and give students plenty of practice opportunities. The lessons use grade-level, curricular vocabulary in order to help students experience greater success in the classroom and on tests.
100% Curriculum Vocabulary includes 43, six-page lessons appropriate for individual instruction, small groups, or entire classrooms. Each lesson presents a group of ten words and uses the following progression of activities:
- Word definitions
- Fill-in-the-blanks using words in the word bank
- Word associations using words in the word bank
- Write a sentence using each word
- Crossword puzzle
- Word search puzzle
The lessons, grouped by subject areas, further divide into related topics. Subject areas and examples of the vocabulary words are:
- Art—casting, collage, contour, pigment
- Biology—aorta, heredity, herbivore, embryo
- Consumer—balance, expenditure, mortgage, residential
- Earth Science—atmosphere, deciduous, delta, epicenter, condensation
- English—apostrophe, metaphor, plagiarism, their/they’re
- Government—economy, monarchy, majority, veto
- Health—introvert, dehydration, emphysema, bulimia
- History—secede, ration, colonies, loyalists
- Keyboarding—directory, header/footer, cursor
- Math—angle, denominator, integer, volume
287 pages (8 ½” x 11″) with answer keys.